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United States: gender and migration

Migration A–Z


  1. Deirdre M. Moloney

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm559

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Moloney, D. M. 2013. United States: gender and migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


Women constitute the majority of immigrants arriving in the United States, consistent with a broader global migration pattern in which females predominate. That worldwide trend is a fairly recent one, arising in part from the growth of the service economy over the past several decades (Hochchild & Ehrenreich 2002). Women's immigration to the United States began to increase earlier in the 20th century, as a result of family reunification provisions in the 1924 immigration act, as well as postwar immigration legislation – the War Brides Act of 1945, the McCarran–Walter Act of 1952, and later the Hart–Celler Act of 1965. The role of gender in the US immigration experience can be best understood through the lens of labor and family migration, and the way in which immigration policies shaped those patterns over time.


  • gender;
  • women;
  • sexuality;
  • labor;
  • political economy