West Indian migration to the United States, 1965 to present
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Vickerman, M. 2013. West Indian migration to the United States, 1965 to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Proximity, historical, economic, and social ties have funneled West Indians into the United States for centuries, but mass migration from the region to America began in earnest only at the beginning of the 20th century. Spurred by persistently high levels of unemployment, these migrants had spread throughout the Caribbean and Central America since the 1840s. In the 20th century the United States became the latest target of opportunity for a people who had developed a culture of migration to cope with socioeconomic distress (Marshall 1982; Dodson & Diouf 2004). These “West Indians” have traditionally originated in the non-Hispanic Caribbean and settled together, apart from Hispanics, in the United States. Jamaicans, in particular, have dominated the flow to America, being surpassed by Haitian immigrants only since the 1990s (DHS 2010).
- labor supply;