Standard Article

Women, reproduction, and migration

Migration A–Z


  1. Ndioro Ndiaye

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm578

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Ndiaye, N. 2013. Women, reproduction, and migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


According to the United Nation's 2008 International Migrant Stock: The 2008 Revision (UN 2008), migration is usually defined as the movement of people from one place to another temporarily, seasonally, or permanently, for a host of voluntary or involuntary reasons. This definition includes refugees and internally displaced persons. To distinguish between categories of migrants, the word migrant is usually restricted to those who move for voluntary reasons (internally or internationally), while refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are those who move involuntarily (usually because of wars or other violent conflicts, but also because of human rights abuse). Accordingly, there are many reasons why people migrate, and in general, all the different reasons are either classified as pull factors (reasons which make the destination country attractive) or push factors (reasons which make the country of origin unattractive). According to the United Nations, there are about 214 million migrants worldwide (IOM 2011).


  • gender;
  • women;
  • sexuality;
  • labor;
  • demography and population studies;
  • social policy