3. Artists, Cadres, and Audiences

Chinese Socialist Cinema, 1949–1978

  1. Yingjin Zhang2,3
  1. Paul Clark

Published Online: 2 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444355994.ch3

A Companion to Chinese Cinema, A

A Companion to Chinese Cinema, A

How to Cite

Clark, P. (2012) Artists, Cadres, and Audiences, in A Companion to Chinese Cinema, A (ed Y. Zhang), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444355994.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 2

    University of California, San Diego, USA

  2. 3

    Shanghai Jiaotong University, China

Author Information

  1. University of Auckland, New Zealand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 2 JUL 2012
  2. Published Print: 19 MAR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444330298

Online ISBN: 9781444355994



  • Chinese Socialist Cinema, 1949–1978, artists, cadres, audiences;
  • People's Republic of China (PRC), three tremulous decades;
  • Mao Zedong's revolutionary realism, romanticism in the yangbanxi;
  • crossing the 1949 Divide, continuity and change;
  • new regime, role of literature and art in society;
  • film, creating a new, mass culture serving needs of the Party government;
  • growing film industry, and the Hundred Flowers movement of 1956;
  • Cultural Revolution, outpourings of criticism, in film, widening styles;
  • The Great Leap Forward, mass mobilization, film language, modern, spoken Chinese;
  • Socialist Cinema, and modern classics, challenging film artists


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Continuity and Change: Crossing the 1949 Divide

  • New Rules and Directions

  • Expanding Studios and Audiences

  • Representative Works of Socialist Cinema

  • The Cultural Revolution: Disruption and Growth

  • Aftermath and Recovery