7. The Confucian Tradition in China

  1. Randall L. Nadeau
  1. Keith Knapp

Published Online: 14 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444361995.ch7

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Chinese Religions

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Chinese Religions

How to Cite

Knapp, K. (2012) The Confucian Tradition in China, in The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Chinese Religions (ed R. L. Nadeau), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444361995.ch7

Editor Information

  1. Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas, USA

Author Information

  1. The Citadel, The Military College, South Carolina, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405190312

Online ISBN: 9781444361995



  • The Confucian tradition in China;
  • Confucian conceptual framework, flexible;
  • Confucianism, articulated through popular tales;
  • virtue of xiao (“filial piety”);
  • Han rulers's filial piety, and dominance of Confucianism;
  • Confucianism, as rival, to Daoism and Buddhism;
  • state's religion and ideology;
  • Confucianism and adaptability


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Kongzi and the Analects

  • Mencius and the Guodian Texts

  • Xunzi, the Qixia Academy, and the Ru School

  • The Faltering Steps toward Institutionalization in the Qin and the Western Han

  • Confucianization in the Eastern Han and Period of Disunity

  • Confucianism in the Tang

  • The Rise of Neo-Confucianism in the Song and Yuan

  • Wang Yangming and Popular Confucianism in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

  • Conclusion

  • Further Reading