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Care Ethics

  1. Marilyn Friedman

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee057

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Friedman, M. 2013. Care Ethics. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013


Care ethics centers on the morality of caring in interpersonal relationships. It emerged prominently toward the end of the twentieth century as a challenge to the most dominant theories of normative ethics at the time. The foundation from which care ethics emerged was research in feminist ethics (see Feminist Ethics) and gender issues have continued to be intertwined with work in care ethics. Care ethics also coincided fruitfully with certain other critical trends that were emerging simultaneously in the mainstream of normative ethics, for example an emphasis on the moral importance of personal relationships and character, and challenges to various formal features of the then-dominant moral theories.


  • ethics;
  • feminist philosophy;
  • normative ethics;
  • philosophy