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Environmental Virtue Ethics

  1. Ronald L. Sandler

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee090

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Sandler, R. L. 2013. Environmental Virtue Ethics. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013


Environmental ethics (see Environmental Ethics) is the study of the ethical relationships between human beings and the natural environment, including the nonhuman individuals that populate and constitute it. It involves developing a proper understanding of the human–nature relationship, identifying the goods and values that are part of or emerge from that relationship, determining the norms (rules/principles) that those goods and values justify, and applying those norms to generate guidance on environmental issues and interactions. Environmental virtue ethics is that part of environmental ethics that concerns character (see Virtue Ethics). The core questions of environmental virtue ethics are these:


  • ethics;
  • normative ethics;
  • philosophy;
  • practical (applied) ethics