Standard Article

Gender and Patriarchy in Religions

  1. Christine E. Gudorf

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee179

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Gudorf, C. E. 2013. Gender and Patriarchy in Religions. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013


When living conditions change, they demand different human traits and modes of activity and organization. The messages and structures of culture and religion are then reinterpreted to meet the new conditions. Thus it should not be surprising that the treatment of gender in religions and cultures has changed throughout history. Until very recently, most religions and cultures recognized two sexes on the basis of external genitalia at birth and assigned social gender roles on the basis of those genitalia.


  • religion;
  • gender