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Sartre, Jean-Paul

  1. David Sherman

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee303

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Sherman, D. 2013. Sartre, Jean-Paul. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

Abstract

Following World War II, Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–80) emerged as the leading existentialist philosopher in France (see Existentialism), and he subsequently became one of the most important philosophers working in the Western Marxist tradition (see Marx, Karl). Sartre was also a novelist and playwright, as well as the personification of the public intellectual. Ethical considerations pervaded Sartre's thought, but the ethical concerns raised in his existentialist works are not clearly reducible to the kinds of concerns raised by the standard ethical theories, and his Marxist works do not appear to raise any ethical concerns at all. Nevertheless, as is reflected in various unpublished writings, Sartre continued to raise ethical concerns after his turn toward Marxism, and the ethical concerns he raises throughout his oeuvre are often motivated by the kinds of concerns that motivate the standard ethical theories.

Keywords:

  • authenticity;
  • continental philosophy;
  • freedom;
  • individualism;
  • Marxism;
  • responsibility;
  • Sartre, Jean-Paul;
  • self