Standard Article

Affirmative Action

  1. Tom L. Beauchamp

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee466

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Beauchamp, T. L. 2013. Affirmative Action. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013


For decades women and minorities were effectively barred in the United States from prestigious schools and from the opportunity to obtain the most desirable jobs.


  • practical (applied) ethics;
  • affirmative action