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Harrington, James

  1. Elliott Karstadt

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee509

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Karstadt, E. 2013. Harrington, James. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013


James Harrington (1611–77) is not primarily remembered as a writer on ethics. Historians tend to focus instead on his political writings and on their importance in relation to understanding the English Civil Wars. But it is also crucial to see Harrington as working within a particular tradition of moral philosophy. In particular, he is responsible for marrying a Platonic ethical ontology with a Machiavellian political morality to produce a novel philosophy of virtue (see Machiavelli, Niccolò; Plato).


  • Christianity;
  • philosophy;
  • Plato;
  • politics;
  • conflict of interest;
  • democracy;
  • equality;
  • freedom;
  • liberty;
  • republic