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Genocide

  1. Steven P. Lee

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee521

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Lee, S. P. 2013. Genocide. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

Abstract

Genocide, meaning literally the killing of a kind, is a monstrous crime, a crime against humanity, involving the murder of individuals because of the group to which they belong (see Crimes Against Humanity). Though the crime is an old one, it was not named until 1944, when the term was introduced by the Polish jurist Raphael Lemkin to refer to the systematic killings perpetrated by the Nazis during World War II against Jews and other groups, a historical event that came to be known as the Holocaust (see Holocaust). Crimes against humanity were legally recognized by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, established to try Nazis responsible for war-time crimes (see War Crimes).

Keywords:

  • practical (applied) ethics;
  • crimes against humanity;
  • hate speech;
  • holocaust