Standard Article

Siting

  1. Sven Ove Hansson

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee554

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Hansson, S. O. 2013. Siting. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

Abstract

Siting is the choice of a location for a human activity or construction. The object of siting can be some service facility or other positive resource for the neighborhood. Alternatively it can be an activity with negative impact on the immediate environment, such as a landfill or a power plant. Most discussions of siting have focused on the latter category, i.e., facilities that are perceived as negative by a large proportion of potential neighbors. There are two major classes of such facilities. In the first of these some technology is perceived to have negative local impact. Common examples are chemical industries, pipelines, nuclear power plants, wind farms, bioenergy plants, landfills, incinerators, railways, roads, and airports. The second class comprises facilities that bring in people whose presence is perceived as a threat. The siting of prisons, apartments for the mentally ill or retarded, rehabilitation centers for addicts, and housing for asylum seekers has often been met by local opposition.

Keywords:

  • benefit-cost analysis;
  • business ethics;
  • community;
  • compensatory justice;
  • development;
  • globalization;
  • legal and political;
  • negotiation;
  • politics;
  • practical (applied) ethics