Standard Article

Enhancement, Biomedical

  1. Thomas Douglas

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee560

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Douglas, T. 2013. Enhancement, Biomedical. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013


Biomedical technologies can increasingly be used not only to combat disease, but also to augment the capacities or traits of normal, healthy people – a practice commonly referred to as biomedical enhancement. Perhaps the best-established examples of biomedical enhancement are cosmetic surgery and doping in sports. But most recent scientific attention and ethical debate focuses on extending lifespan, lifting mood, and augmenting cognitive capacities.


  • ethics;
  • medicine;
  • practical (applied) ethics