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Deleuze, Gilles

  1. Daniel W. Smith

Published Online: 1 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee596

The International Encyclopedia of Ethics

How to Cite

Smith, D. W. 2013. Deleuze, Gilles. The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2013


Gilles Deleuze (1925–95) was a prolific French philosopher best known for his 1968 magnum opus Difference and Repetition (Deleuze 1994), which developed an approach to metaphysics derived from a principle of difference, and his two-volume work in political philosophy, Capitalism and Schizophrenia (Deleuze and Guattari 1977, 1987), which he co-authored with Félix Guattari, a militant psychotherapist. Deleuze also wrote a series of influential studies of figures in the history of philosophy, including Spinoza, Leibniz, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, and Bergson, as well as a number of works on literature, film, painting, and the arts, which gave him a wide readership outside the field of philosophy. He eluded easy classification as a philosopher: although he characterized himself an empiricist, expressing equal admiration for William James and Bertrand Russell, he nonetheless admitted his even deeper indebtedness to the rationalism of Spinoza and Leibniz, and he considered the question of the conditions for the production of novelty (Whitehead) or creativity (Bergson) to be one of the fundamental issues of contemporary thought.


  • continental philosophy;
  • ethics