3. Baselines, Patterns and Process

  1. Richard J. Ladle3,4 and
  2. Robert J. Whittaker3
  1. Lindsey Gillson1,
  2. Richard J. Ladle3,4 and
  3. Miguel B. Araújo2,4

Published Online: 7 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390001.ch3

Conservation Biogeography

Conservation Biogeography

How to Cite

Gillson, L., Ladle, R. J. and Araújo, M. B. (2011) Baselines, Patterns and Process, in Conservation Biogeography (eds R. J. Ladle and R. J. Whittaker), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390001.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 3

    School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

  2. 4

    Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Author Information

  1. 1

    Plant Conservation Unit, Botany Department, University of Cape Town, South Africa

  2. 2

    National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Madrid, Spain and University of Évora, CIBIO, Évora, Portugal

  3. 3

    School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

  4. 4

    Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444335040

Online ISBN: 9781444390001

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Keywords:

  • baselines, patterns and process - diversity of goals, conservationists for protected areas;
  • conservation decisions - objectives and values of organizations, or individuals involved;
  • goal of conservation - restoring and maintaining ecosystem processes;
  • pure functionalist approach, rare or endangered species - by ‘weedy’ species;
  • paradigm shift in ecology, equilibrium or ‘balance of nature’ world view - nature in flux, not at equilibrium;
  • competition, increasing with population size growth - and resources consumed;
  • climax theory, capturing ideas - climate, major determinants of vegetation type;
  • Hierarchical Patch Dynamics Paradigm (HPDP) - and literature, ideas of resilience and ecological thresholds;
  • understanding ecosystems in flux - ‘flux of nature’ paradigm, ecosystems, heterogeneous (patchy) and dynamic (variable over time);
  • choice of baseline, informing management - influence on ecology of protected area

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Ecosystem composition and function

  • Balance versus flux

  • Understanding ecosystems in flux

  • Defining and using baselines

  • Adaptive ecosystem management

  • For discussion

  • Suggested reading