8. Applied Island Biogeography

  1. Richard J. Ladle2,3 and
  2. Robert J. Whittaker2
  1. Kostas A. Triantis1,2 and
  2. Shonil A. Bhagwat2

Published Online: 7 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390001.ch8

Conservation Biogeography

Conservation Biogeography

How to Cite

Triantis, K. A. and Bhagwat, S. A. (2011) Applied Island Biogeography, in Conservation Biogeography (eds R. J. Ladle and R. J. Whittaker), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390001.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 2

    School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

  2. 3

    Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Author Information

  1. 1

    Azorean Biodiversity Group, University of Azores, Terceira, Portugal

  2. 2

    School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444335040

Online ISBN: 9781444390001



  • applied island biogeography;
  • islands, in development of conservation theory - Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography (ETIB);
  • terrestrial reserves and national parks - ‘habitat islands’ and ‘sea’of human-altered landscapes;
  • design guidelines for reserves - from theory of island biogeography, contributions to theory;
  • habitat loss and fragmentation implications;
  • species–area relationship (SAR) - not one of ecology's general patterns, first discovered;
  • species–area relationship (SAR) - species number increase with area increase, patterns in biogeography and ecology;
  • major events in sequential collapse - of Easter Island ecosystem;
  • species incidence, two paradigms in conservation biology -‘declining population paradigm’ and ‘small population paradigm’;
  • nested subset relationships, circles representing islands - and letters, circle size correlated with species richness


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Implications of habitat loss and fragmentation: from theory to evidence

  • Species incidence

  • Nestedness

  • Emergent guidelines for conservation

  • For discussion

  • Suggested reading