The Living and the Dead Share Together in the Parousia and in the Resurrection

  1. Anthony C. Thiselton

Published Online: 24 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390124.ch6

1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries

1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries

How to Cite

Thiselton, A. C. (2010) The Living and the Dead Share Together in the Parousia and in the Resurrection, in 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390124.ch6

Author Information

  1. University of Nottingham, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 24 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 13 DEC 2010

Book Series:

  1. Blackwell Bible Commentaries

Book Series Editors:

  1. John Sawyer,
  2. Christopher Rowland,
  3. Judith Kovacs and
  4. David M. Gunn

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405196826

Online ISBN: 9781444390124



  • living and the dead, sharing together - in the parousia and in the resurrection;
  • most distinctive part of epistle - 4:13–18 - those who mourn those who have died, the readers that they will indeed take part in the resurrection;
  • motivation of passage - comforting those who were bereaved by losing loved ones before the Parousia;
  • questions about Paul's consistency - whether 1 Thessalonians coheres with 1 Corinthians 15;
  • church fathers, John Chrysostom - appealing to authoritative language for the last things;
  • whole epistle in vv. 15–16 - “We who are alive, who are left until the Coming of the Lord…”;
  • philosopher P. F. Strawson, distinguishing - logic of presupposition from that of assertion;
  • Tertullian, attacking elaborate dressing of the hair - even addition of false hair;
  • Oecumenius of Tricca (6th century), indebted to Cyril of Alexandria - upholding Chalcedon's Christology;
  • English Romantic poet, Samuel Taylor Coleridge - anxiety and depression, relief in use of opium


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction and Overview

  • The Patristic Era

  • The Medieval Period

  • The Reformation and Post-Reformation Eras

  • The Eighteenth Century

  • The Nineteenth Century

  • Note on “the Rapture” in Dispensationalist Views of 1 Thessalonians 4:13–17