14. An Abbreviated Introduction to Nonparametric and Multivariate Analysis

  1. Todd L. VanPool and
  2. Robert D. Leonard

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390155.ch14

Quantitative Analysis in Archaeology

Quantitative Analysis in Archaeology

How to Cite

VanPool, T. L. and Leonard, R. D. (2010) An Abbreviated Introduction to Nonparametric and Multivariate Analysis, in Quantitative Analysis in Archaeology, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390155.ch14

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 22 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405189514

Online ISBN: 9781444390155



  • abbreviated introduction - to nonparametric and multivariate analysis;
  • Spearman's correlation coefficient and median test - idea of nonparametric tests, or distribution- free methods;
  • skewed distributions in archaeology - means and central-limit theorem;
  • nonparametric tests comparing groups - Wilcoxon two-sample test;
  • Wilcoxon two-sample test, nonparametric test - comparing two samples of ordinal, interval or ratio scale data;
  • Cory Hudson and Matt Boulanger's collection - friction coefficient of pottery with surface treatments;
  • friction coefficients of test tiles - with differing surface treatments;
  • Kruskal–Wallis nonparametric ANOVA - the Kruskal–Wallis, a ranking-based test;
  • multivariate analysis and comparison of means - complexity of human-related phenomena;
  • Nested ANOVA, two-way ANOVA - archaeologist measuring two variables, suspecting impact of some aspect of archaeological records


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Nonparametric Tests Comparing Groups

  • Multivariate Analysis and the Comparison of Means