7. Hypothesis Testing I: An Introduction

  1. Todd L. VanPool and
  2. Robert D. Leonard

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390155.ch7

Quantitative Analysis in Archaeology

Quantitative Analysis in Archaeology

How to Cite

VanPool, T. L. and Leonard, R. D. (2010) Hypothesis Testing I: An Introduction, in Quantitative Analysis in Archaeology, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390155.ch7

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 22 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405189514

Online ISBN: 9781444390155



  • hypothesis testing I, heart of science - evaluating competing ideas about how our world is structured;
  • scientists and statisticians - uniform method of statistical notation, helping in simplifying processes;
  • hypotheses of interest, statistical hypothesis testing - mathematical means of calculating probability;
  • hypothesis of interest, statement of suspected relationship - between classes of objects;
  • realizing a single analysis - implications for integrated hypotheses of interest;
  • formal hypothesis testing and null hypothesis;
  • Thomomys bottae population;
  • nature of hypothesis testing;
  • phrase rejecting null hypothesis - variate, far from the mean, unlikely to be part of parent distribution;
  • errors in hypothesis testing - hypothesis testing based on assessment of probabilities


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Hypotheses of Interest

  • Formal Hypothesis Testing and the Null Hypothesis

  • Errors in Hypothesis Testing