3. The Stimulus: Determining the Nature of Primary Linguistic Data

  1. Alexander Clark and
  2. Shalom Lappin

Published Online: 21 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390568.ch3

Linguistic Nativism and the Poverty of the Stimulus

Linguistic Nativism and the Poverty of the Stimulus

How to Cite

Clark, A. and Lappin, S. (2011) The Stimulus: Determining the Nature of Primary Linguistic Data, in Linguistic Nativism and the Poverty of the Stimulus, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390568.ch3

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 7 JAN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405187848

Online ISBN: 9781444390568

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Keywords:

  • stimulus, determining nature of primary linguistic data;
  • primary linguistic data - evidence, available to child, utterances they are exposed, in the first few years of life;
  • Primary Linguistic Data (PLD), source of information - to the child on his/her language;
  • CDS, greatest value to the child - addressing the learner directly;
  • negative evidence, information on set of strings - that are not in the language;
  • Marcus (1993a), and Fodor and Crowther (2002) - asserting, that children learn language solely on the basis of positive data;
  • learning theoretic implications of negative evidence - Gold's Identification in the Limit (IIL) learning framework;
  • characterizing PLD, taking up role of semantic and pragmatic information - in language acquisition;
  • semantically based learning, believed - semantic information, playing an important role in acquisition of syntax;
  • prosody, and phonological content - pattern of intonational contours, pauses and main stress placement, and syntactic structure

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Primary Linguistic Data

  • Negative Evidence

  • Semantic, Contextual, and Extralinguistic Evidence

  • Prosodic Information

  • Summary and Conclusions