Eleven. Environmental Psychology

  1. Peter K. Smith2 and
  2. Craig H. Hart3
  1. Christopher Spencer and
  2. Kate Gee

Published Online: 22 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390933.ch11

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition

How to Cite

Spencer, C. and Gee, K. (2010) Environmental Psychology, in The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition (eds P. K. Smith and C. H. Hart), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390933.ch11

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Goldsmiths, University of London, London, England

  2. 3

    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Sheffield, Sheffield, England

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 3 DEC 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405196796

Online ISBN: 9781444390933



  • environmental psychology;
  • environment, and its place - within psychology and developmental psychology;
  • environmental psychologists, perceptions, attitudes, and actions –environment, social and physical;
  • settings of childhood - town and country comparison;
  • social and physical arrangements - promoting trust, and safety for children;
  • popular writing - portraying rural childhoods as idyllic;
  • affordances, children discovering - that places have social possibilities;
  • greatest alienation, amongst American, British, and Australian children - and children of South African squatter camp;
  • children's place attachment - and their personal and social identity;
  • children, remaining “outsiders” - as far as the world of planning is concerned


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Place of the Environment Within Psychology, and Developmental Psychology

  • Ecological Psychology as a Predecessor for EP

  • The Natural History of Childhood: What Do Children Do All Day?

  • The Settings of Childhood: Town and Country Compared

  • Affordances: Children Discovering That Places Have Social Possibilities

  • Cultural Similarities and Differences

  • Children's Place Attachment and Their Personal and Social Identity

  • Children's Well-Being and Designing the “Child-Friendly Town”

  • Green Environments

  • City as Danger: Social Dangers to Children

  • Children's Participation in Planning: Can “the Outsiders” Contribute?

  • Conclusion

  • References