Twelve. Temperament and Social Development

  1. Peter K. Smith5 and
  2. Craig H. Hart6
  1. Ann Sanson1,
  2. Sheryl A. Hemphill2,
  3. Bilge Yagmurlu3 and
  4. Sandee McClowry4

Published Online: 22 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390933.ch12

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition

How to Cite

Sanson, A., Hemphill, S. A., Yagmurlu, B. and McClowry, S. (2010) Temperament and Social Development, in The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition (eds P. K. Smith and C. H. Hart), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390933.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 5

    Goldsmiths, University of London, London, England

  2. 6

    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

  2. 2

    Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Australia

  3. 3

    KoçUniversity, Istanbul, Turkey

  4. 4

    New York University, New York, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 3 DEC 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405196796

Online ISBN: 9781444390933



  • child and contextual factors in social development;
  • temperament and social development;
  • temperament-focused intervention programs - promoting positive social development;
  • temperament, individual differences in behavioral style - affect, activity and attention, visible from early childhood;
  • bimodal factor, labeled approach - withdrawal, inhibition or sociability;
  • indirect or mediated effects, and child's temperament - affecting the environment;
  • temperament influences on social relations;
  • temperamental influences on social competence;
  • temperament, and emotional and behavioral problems - externalizing behavior problems (EBPs);
  • temperament-based targeted interventions


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • What Is Temperament?

  • Theoretical Perspectives on the Role of Temperament in Social Development

  • Methodological Issues

  • Temperament Influences on Social Relations

  • Temperamental Influences on Social Competence

  • Temperamental Influences on Emotional and Behavioral Problems

  • Temperament-Based Intervention

  • Comments and Conclusions

  • References