You have free access to this content

Eight. Culture and Social Development

  1. Peter K. Smith4 and
  2. Craig H. Hart5
  1. Xinyin Chen1,
  2. Janet Chung2,
  3. Rachel Lechcier-Kimel2 and
  4. Doran French3

Published Online: 22 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444390933.ch8

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition

How to Cite

Chen, X., Chung, J., Lechcier-Kimel, R. and French, D. (2010) Culture and Social Development, in The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Social Development, Second Edition (eds P. K. Smith and C. H. Hart), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444390933.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Goldsmiths, University of London, London, England

  2. 5

    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  2. 2

    University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

  3. 3

    Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 3 DEC 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405196796

Online ISBN: 9781444390933



  • ecological contexts for social development;
  • culture and social development;
  • developmental theorists, culture - role in children's social development;
  • sociocultural theory, internalization of external symbolic systems - as language and symbols;
  • group-oriented cultures, social initiative - interfering with harmony and cohesiveness of group;
  • parental attitudes and socialization practices;
  • play, peer interaction - and self-expression across cultures;
  • shyness and sensitivity - a wary, restrained, anxious reaction - to novel social situations or social evaluations;
  • peer group involvement in Western cultures - from desire of youth to become autonomous from the family;
  • active role of children - receiving little attention in cross-cultural research


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Culture, Social Interactions and Relationships, and Development: Theoretical Perspectives

  • Early Socioemotional Characteristics, Socialization, and Cultural Context

  • Play, Peer Interaction, and Self - Expression Across Cultures

  • Children's Social Functioning Across Cultures

  • Friendship and Peer Group Affiliation: Cultural Variations on the Structure and Function of Peer Relationships

  • Conclusions and Future Directions

  • References