Twenty. Populism and Developmentalism

  1. Thomas H. Holloway Professor of History President Executive Secretary of CLAH
  1. Joel Wolfe

Published Online: 21 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444391633.ch20

A Companion to Latin American History

A Companion to Latin American History

How to Cite

Wolfe, J. (2010) Populism and Developmentalism, in A Companion to Latin American History (ed T. H. Holloway), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444391633.ch20

Editor Information

  1. University of California at Davis, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405131612

Online ISBN: 9781444391633



  • populism and developmentalism;
  • Great Depression, lasting change to Latin America - ending classic liberal export economies;
  • Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA or CEPAL for Comisión Económica para América Latina);
  • ECLA's policy prescriptions - challenging long-dominant place of economic liberalism among political and business elites;
  • ECLA's economists, that Latin American nations - suffering inherently unequal exchange with North American and European producers;
  • Brazil, Nationalist and multinationalist developmentalism;
  • Vargas's old-line allies, attempting - to bring budget under control;
  • Argentina and Brazil, multi-class nature of Perón's - and Vargas's political coalitions and reliance on controlled popular mobilization;
  • Mexico, the developmentalist regime;
  • Chile and the legacy of central state planning


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Economic Nationalism and the Prebisch–ECLA Thesis

  • Argentina: Populism and Developmentalism

  • Brazil: Nationalist and Multinationalist Developmentalism

  • Mexico: The Developmentalist Regime

  • Chile and the Legacy of Central State Planning

  • Conclusion

  • bibliography