27. Identity, Ethnicity, and “Race”

  1. Thomas H. Holloway Professor of History President Executive Secretary of CLAH
  1. Peter Wade Professor

Published Online: 21 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444391633.ch27

A Companion to Latin American History

A Companion to Latin American History

How to Cite

Wade, P. (2010) Identity, Ethnicity, and “Race”, in A Companion to Latin American History (ed T. H. Holloway), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444391633.ch27

Editor Information

  1. University of California at Davis, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Manchester, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405131612

Online ISBN: 9781444391633



  • identity, ethnicity and “Race”;
  • indigenous and Afro-Latin peoples' assertiveness - in Latin America;
  • emergence and shape of ethnic movements;
  • Central American pan-Maya movement, mid-1980s - educated Mayas, beneficiaries of 1950s Church-based educational programs;
  • Black movement with small university-based groups - Soweto, attesting to transnational vision of its founders;
  • The Church, in nominal control of rural catechists;
  • Afro-Latinos and indigenous communities - the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), World Bank, the UN and the Inter-American Foundation;
  • ethnic movements, legal reform and social policy;
  • multicultural reforms, greater inclusion of ethnic minorities - in development policy;
  • Black rap groups - using Church and state “youth culture” funding streams, promoting radical agenda of black consciousness


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Background

  • The Emergence and Shape of Ethnic Movements

  • Context and Causes

  • Ethnic Movements, Legal Reform, and Social Policy

  • Achievements and Challenges

  • bibliography