Five. Exploration and Conquest

  1. Thomas H. Holloway Professor of History President Executive Secretary of CLAH
  1. Patricia Seed Professor of History

Published Online: 21 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444391633.ch5

A Companion to Latin American History

A Companion to Latin American History

How to Cite

Seed, P. (2010) Exploration and Conquest, in A Companion to Latin American History (ed T. H. Holloway), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444391633.ch5

Editor Information

  1. University of California at Davis, USA

Author Information

  1. University of California, Irvine, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405131612

Online ISBN: 9781444391633



  • exploration and conquest;
  • Spaniards and Portuguese, occupying the New World - securing commercial networks;
  • Christopher Columbus, first Spanish emissary and his crew - Antillean Islands and Caribbean shores;
  • early exploration of the New World - aims and policies, not emerging accidentally;
  • impulse, establishing port bases in the Caribbean - Spanish arrivals, in the New World, for a metal with commercial potential;
  • the gold rush - Spaniards, permanent residence in the Caribbean;
  • sudden descent of Europeans, with contagious bacteria and viruses - natives dying off;
  • industrially paced demands for native labor - to sustain new colony led Queen Isabella, taking “hostile” Indians as slaves in 1503;
  • Spanish king and queen, authorizing Columbus's initial voyage - to the New World, controlling conditions;
  • conquests of first Mexico and Peru - famous campaigns in history


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • “Discovery and Rescue”

  • Bibliography