9. Bladder Pain Syndrome and Other Urological Causes of Chronic Pelvic Pain

  1. Paolo Vercellini
  1. Daniela Wittmann LMSW, CST and
  2. J. Quentin Clemens MD, FACS MSCI

Published Online: 21 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444391855.ch9

Chronic Pelvic Pain

Chronic Pelvic Pain

How to Cite

Wittmann, D. and Clemens, J. Q. (2011) Bladder Pain Syndrome and Other Urological Causes of Chronic Pelvic Pain, in Chronic Pelvic Pain (ed P. Vercellini), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444391855.ch9

Editor Information

  1. Istituto “Luigi Mangiagalli”, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, University of Milan, Italy

Author Information

  1. University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 23 MAR 2011

Book Series:

  1. Gynecology in Practice

Book Series Editors:

  1. Aydin Arici

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444330663

Online ISBN: 9781444391855



  • “interstitial cystitis”;
  • “bladder pain syndrome”;
  • pelvic floor muscle dysfunction (PFMD);
  • “typical cystoscopic and histologic features”;
  • overactive bladder (OAB);
  • European Society for the Study of Bladder Pain Syndrome (ESSIC);
  • dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)


This chapter reviews a number of well-characterized urologic causes of pelvic pain, including urethral diverticula, postsurgical pain, bladder carcinoma in situ, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Next, a comprehensive review of interstitial cystitis/ bladder pain syndrome is presented, including discussions about the presentation, etiology, epidemiology, differential diagnosis, diagnostic tests, and common treatments. The contribution of pelvic floor muscle dysfunction to chronic pelvic pain is discussed. Finally, a brief review of dyspareunia is presented.