1. Current Status of Sparidae Aquaculture

  1. Michail A. Pavlidis4 and
  2. Constantinos C. Mylonas5
  1. Bernardo Basurco1,
  2. Alessandro Lovatelli2 and
  3. Benjamin García3

Published Online: 18 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch1

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

How to Cite

Basurco, B., Lovatelli, A. and García, B. (2011) Current Status of Sparidae Aquaculture, in Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species (eds M. A. Pavlidis and C. C. Mylonas), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Department of Biology, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, Heraklion 71409, Crete, Greece

  2. 5

    Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Institute of Aquaculture, PO Box 2214, Heraklion 71003, Crete, Greece

Author Information

  1. 1

    Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza (IAMZ), International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM), Avenida de Montañana 1005, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain

  2. 2

    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Aquaculture Service, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy

  3. 3

    IMIDA-Acuicultura, Consejería de Agricultura y Agua de la Región de Murcia, Puerto de San Pedro del Pinatar, 30740 San Pedro del Pinatar, Murcia, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405197724

Online ISBN: 9781444392210

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • aquaculture production;
  • breams;
  • Sparidae;
  • sparids

Summary

The Sparidae, commonly called breams and porgies, is a family of the order Perciformes and includes about 115 species, mainly marine coastal fish, of high economic value, exploited and farmed for human consumption, as well as for recreational purposes. In terms of aquaculture, the Sparidae production in 2006 accounted for 244,153 mtn, and represented 6.8% of the volume and 14.5% of the value of the production of Percoidei fishes (a suborder including the tilapias, breams, seabasses, groupers, etc.). Although the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) aquaculture statistics compiles data for about 20 Sparidae species—some of them with discontinued records of production—more than 75% of the production is referred to just two species, the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata, 107,620 mtn) cultured mainly in the Mediterranean Sea, and the red sea bream (Pagrus major, 75,754 mtn) cultured in the Asia-Pacific region. The present chapter is an updated review of the characteristics of the main aquacultured species, the production cycle, and the production volume of all species with FAO statistics records. A special emphasis is given in the gilthead sea bream farming sector, because it is the Sparid that has shown the fastest and most significant growth during the last two decades. A comparative economic analysis on the ongrowing of several Atlantic-Mediterranean species is also presented.