10. Diseases and Health Management

  1. Michail A. Pavlidis3 and
  2. Constantinos C. Mylonas4
  1. Angelo Colorni1 and
  2. Francesc Padrós2

Published Online: 18 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch10

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

How to Cite

Colorni, A. and Padrós, F. (2011) Diseases and Health Management, in Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species (eds M. A. Pavlidis and C. C. Mylonas), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Biology, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, Heraklion 71409, Crete, Greece

  2. 4

    Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Institute of Aquaculture, PO Box 2214, Heraklion 71003, Crete, Greece

Author Information

  1. 1

    Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, National Center for Mariculture, PO Box 1212, Eilat 88112, Israel

  2. 2

    Facultat de Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405197724

Online ISBN: 9781444392210

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • sparid diseases;
  • mariculture;
  • diagnosis;
  • infectious agents;
  • pathology;
  • fish treatments;
  • zoonosis

Summary

Because of their savoury meat, various species of sea bream are cultured worldwide. Among Sparidae, the gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata has been a favorite for Mediterranean aquaculture, while the red sea bream Pagrus major and the black sea bream Acanthopagrus schlegelii are the main species farmed in the Far East. Good growth performances have been obtained with several other sparids as well. Everywhere, in the generally suboptimal conditions of intensive culture systems, the danger of disease outbreaks is always present. Since quarantine restrictions, especially in the past, were rarely adopted, certain pathogens have traveled considerable geographic distances, and often found ideal conditions for proliferation in naive hosts or new environments. As the primary health problems in sparids still relate to infectious agents, this chapter reviews the most recurrent viruses (Lymphocystis, red sea bream Iridovirus, Viral Encephalopathy and Retinopathy), bacteria (Vibrio spp., Photobacterium damselae ssp. piscicida and ssp. damselae, Pseudomonas anguilliseptica, Tenacibaculum maritimum, Streptococcus spp., Mycobacterium spp., Epitheliocystis), fungi (Ichthyophonus, Ochroconis), protistan ectoparasites (Amyloodinium ocellatum, Trichodina spp., Brooklynella hostilis, Cryptocaryon irritans, Scuticociliates), Myxozoan, Microsporidian, Apicomplexan organisms, Monogenean and Digenean helminths, Crustacean parasites. All the above are typical of Sparidae, but only a few are exclusive to this family of fishes. The species cultured and the methods used influence greatly the type and severity of the disease. For each pathogen, a short description is given of its biology, species of Sparid affected and geographic location from which the disease was reported. Whenever possible, suggestions for treatment are offered. A warning is given about the zoonotic potential of a small number of pathogens.