11. Genomic–Proteomic Research in Sparidae and its Application to Genetic Improvement

  1. Michail A. Pavlidis4 and
  2. Constantinos C. Mylonas5
  1. Deborah M. Power1,
  2. Bruno Louro2,
  3. Ross Houston3,
  4. Liliana Anjos1 and
  5. João C. R. Cardoso1

Published Online: 18 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch11

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

How to Cite

Power, D. M., Louro, B., Houston, R., Anjos, L. and Cardoso, J. C. R. (2011) Genomic–Proteomic Research in Sparidae and its Application to Genetic Improvement, in Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species (eds M. A. Pavlidis and C. C. Mylonas), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch11

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Department of Biology, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, Heraklion 71409, Crete, Greece

  2. 5

    Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Institute of Aquaculture, PO Box 2214, Heraklion 71003, Crete, Greece

Author Information

  1. 1

    Centro de Ciencias do Mar (CCMAR), Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal

  2. 2

    Centro de Ciencias do Mar (CCMAR), Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal; and The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin Biocentre, Roslin EH25 9PS, United Kingdom

  3. 3

    The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin Biocentre, Roslin EH25 9PS, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405197724

Online ISBN: 9781444392210

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Keywords:

  • gene maps;
  • genetic improvements;
  • microarray;
  • molecular resources;
  • oligonucleotide;
  • “omics”;
  • quantitative trait loci;
  • selective breeding;
  • transcriptome analysis

Summary

Several members of the Sparidae family are of commercial importance in aquaculture, but the impact of new technologies in genome analysis coupled to a parsimonious breeding program is still limited. In the last decade, numerous molecular resources have been generated for the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and include complimentary DNA (cDNA) libraries from a range of tissue, a radiation hybrid (RH) panel, a 6X coverage bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library, a genetic linkage map based on over 200 microsatellite markers, a physical map in which over 1000 markers have been mapped on the RH panel and a cDNA microarray (10,176 cDNA) and an oligonucleotide microarray (20 k, Agilent). The preceding resources form the basis for identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL), an important resource for orientated, long-term, and sustainable selective breeding programs. The present chapter provides an overview of the methodologies and advances made in genomics and proteomics in Sparidae and outlines the way in which these advances may contribute to breeding programs. Also, selective breeding and the progress and challenges that still exist for the gilthead sea bream, as a model for Sparidae, are also reviewed.