2. Phylogeny, Evolution and Taxonomy of Sparids with Some Notes on their Ecology and Biology

  1. Michail A. Pavlidis3 and
  2. Constantinos C. Mylonas4
  1. Reinhold Hanel1 and
  2. Costas S. Tsigenopoulos2

Published Online: 18 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch2

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

How to Cite

Hanel, R. and Tsigenopoulos, C. S. (2011) Phylogeny, Evolution and Taxonomy of Sparids with Some Notes on their Ecology and Biology, in Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species (eds M. A. Pavlidis and C. C. Mylonas), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Biology, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, Heraklion 71409, Crete, Greece

  2. 4

    Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Institute of Aquaculture, PO Box 2214, Heraklion 71003, Crete, Greece

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Fisheries Ecology, Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, Palmaille 9,22767 Hamburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biology and Genetics, Crete, PO Box 2214, Heraklion 71003, Crete, Greece

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405197724

Online ISBN: 9781444392210

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Keywords:

  • biogeography;
  • Centracanthidae-Sparidae monophyly;
  • evolution;
  • ecological characteristics;
  • systematics

Summary

The Sparidae is a moderately sized but morphologically and ecologically highly diverse family of percoid fishes. Monophyly of sea breams and porgies is shown to be supported only after inclusion of the picarels (Centracanthidae), a species-poor family of planktivorous fishes basically confined to the eastern Atlantic Ocean and the South African Cape region. Recent phylogenetic analyses clearly indicate that the current sparid taxonomy, largely based on tropho-morphological characters, does not reflect the evolutionary history of the group. Nevertheless, despite convincing evidence for the nonmonophyly of the presently described subfamiliar and generic classification, a major revision including a reexamination of morphological characters is still lacking. A compilation of the available knowledge on the biology and ecology of porgies and sea breams reveals major gaps for the majority of the species, which regarding the ecological importance of the group is not only a scientific challenge.