7. Nutrition and Feeding of Sparidae

  1. Michail A. Pavlidis4 and
  2. Constantinos C. Mylonas5
  1. Aires Oliva Teles1,
  2. Ingrid Lupatsch2 and
  3. Ioannis Nengas3

Published Online: 18 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch7

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species

How to Cite

Teles, A. O., Lupatsch, I. and Nengas, I. (2011) Nutrition and Feeding of Sparidae, in Sparidae: Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species, Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and other Species (eds M. A. Pavlidis and C. C. Mylonas), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444392210.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Department of Biology, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, Heraklion 71409, Crete, Greece

  2. 5

    Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Institute of Aquaculture, PO Box 2214, Heraklion 71003, Crete, Greece

Author Information

  1. 1

    Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental (CIMAR/CIIMAR), Universidade do Porto, Porto, and Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, 4099-002 Porto, Portugal

  2. 2

    Centre for Sustainable Aquaculture Research, University of Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, United Kingdom

  3. 3

    Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Aquaculture, Laboratory of Fish Nutrition and Pathology, Agios Kosmas, Hellinikon 16777, Athens, Greece

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405197724

Online ISBN: 9781444392210

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Keywords:

  • amino acids;
  • carbohydrates;
  • energy;
  • essential fatty acids;
  • feed intake estimation;
  • growth prediction;
  • lipids;
  • minerals;
  • nutrient requirements;
  • plant feedstuffs;
  • protein;
  • vitamins

Summary

The continuously increasing demand for quality food for humans in parallel with the challenge of lowering the cost of producing them have been the main motives of the rapid development of the animal nutrition science. During the last century, advanced analytical methods have been developed, facilitating the study of the role and function of all dietary nutrients on growth, feed utilization, metabolism, body composition, and health of the cultivated organisms. In aquaculture, the issues associated with nutrition and feeding are in many aspects different compared to other terrestrial animal production systems. This is due to a number of factors like the large number of aquatic species cultivated, the differences of physiology and behavior among them and the nature of the medium where aquatic organisms spend their lives. For these reasons as well as the fact that intensive aquaculture is a relatively new food production activity, the knowledge on fish nutrition and feeding is still limited. This chapter attempts to review the current knowledge on the nutrition and feeding of cultivated Sparidae species worldwide. It focuses mainly on the requirements of these commercially important fish for dietary protein, lipid, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and energy as well as on feed formulation aspects related to the available ingredients currently utilized for Sparidae diets.