11. Flexibility, Semantics and Standards

  1. Dr Tuba Kocatürk MSc Digital Architectural Design architect Senior Lecturer Programme Director and
  2. Dr Benachir Medjdoub PhD Lecturer Principal Investigator Reader
  1. Robin Drogemuller and
  2. John H. Frazer

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444392395.ch11

Distributed Intelligence in Design

Distributed Intelligence in Design

How to Cite

Drogemuller, R. and Frazer, J. H. (2011) Flexibility, Semantics and Standards, in Distributed Intelligence in Design (eds T. Kocatürk and B. Medjdoub), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444392395.ch11

Editor Information

  1. School of the Built Environment, Salford University, UK

Author Information

  1. Queensland University, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 7 JAN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444333381

Online ISBN: 9781444392395



  • flexibility, semantics and standards - between flexibility and standards, supporting distributed intelligence in design;
  • design team reports, for client and users - as major stakeholders, and as regulators and public;
  • use of standards for exchange of information - between computer systems, a major issue;
  • construction industry, two standards for information exchange - three-dimensional object models having significant penetration, IFCs;
  • portion of IFC file generated - from ArchiCAD from a model by Robin Drogemuller;
  • portion of Generative Components script - by Robin Drogemuller;
  • proprietary interface, between engineering design application and major architectural CAD program - passing seamlessly between software packages;
  • clients and the public, access to photo-realistic views - design proposals, approvals authorities needing some level of technical documentation;
  • CAD software, defining individual parts - relationship types between them


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Standards

  • Design

  • Distributed systems

  • Intelligence

  • Communication

  • Standards versus flexibility

  • Analysis of current software capabilities

  • Including clients

  • Conclusion

  • Acknowledgements

  • References