3. English Consonants

  1. Mehmet Yavaş

Published Online: 21 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444392623.ch3

Applied English Phonology, Second Edition

Applied English Phonology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Yavaş, M. (2011) English Consonants, in Applied English Phonology, Second Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444392623.ch3

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 7 JAN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444333220

Online ISBN: 9781444392623



  • English consonants;
  • English consonants and their allophones - with the most versatile group, stops;
  • English, and six stop phonemes, /p, b, t, d, k, g/ - their differences in different dimensions;
  • dimension, differentiating /p, t, k/ from /b, d, g/ in English - as feature of aspiration;
  • another characteristic of American English in informal conversational speech - creation of homophonous productions for pairs, as planner–planter;
  • dialectal variation, dialectal changes - and stop consonants of English centering on alveolars;
  • process of flapping, in American English - and in Irish English (IrE), Australian English (AuE), and New Zealand English (NZE));
  • African American Vernacular English (AAVE) - final voiced stops devoiced;
  • English, and nine fricative phonemes - occupying five places of articulation;
  • two English affricates, /tS, dZ/ - following patterns of stops and fricatives, with regard to fortis/lenis (voiceless/voiced) distinction


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Stops

  • Fricatives

  • Affricates

  • Nasals

  • Approximants

  • Sociophonetic Variation

  • Summary

  • Exercises