4. The Divided City

  1. Frank Gaffikin and
  2. Mike Morrissey

Published Online: 10 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444393200.ch4

Planning in Divided Cities: Collaborative Shaping of Contested Space

Planning in Divided Cities: Collaborative Shaping of Contested Space

How to Cite

Gaffikin, F. and Morrissey, M. (2011) The Divided City, in Planning in Divided Cities: Collaborative Shaping of Contested Space, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444393200.ch4

Author Information

  1. Institute of Spatial and Environmental Planning, School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Queen's University, Belfast, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 10 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405192187

Online ISBN: 9781444393200



  • the divided city, interpretative framework - key discourses on current urban conditions;
  • Chicago and Los Angeles, as seminal referents - debates about ‘the city’;
  • Chicago optic, civic ingenuity and dexterity - latent influences over resistible global forces;
  • Los Angeles experience, and uneven development - with differentiated citizenship;
  • eight main frameworks for urban conflict - dispute attributed to combinations of these;
  • inequality, concerning differentials - in income, status and power;
  • Marcuse, concept of a ‘dual city’ - mistakenly a land-use hierarchy, embodying complex convergence of social, occupational and spatial disparities;
  • paradox of penury amid plenty - primary source of urban conflict changing little;
  • ethnicity and urban conflict - ‘Babel syndrome’ of world's tribal separatism inscribing constant human narrative;
  • ethno-nationalist contest, and nationalism - images, symbols and myths of ethnic identity


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Explanations of Division

  • Ethnicity and Urban Conflict

  • Ethno-Nationalist Contest

  • The State of Conflict and Conflict in the State