10. Patient's Perspective

  1. Sarah Phillips1,
  2. Mary Collins2 and
  3. Lisa Dougherty OBE3
  1. Lisa Dougherty

Published Online: 23 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444393231.ch10

Venepuncture and Cannulation

Venepuncture and Cannulation

How to Cite

Dougherty, L. (2011) Patient's Perspective, in Venepuncture and Cannulation (eds S. Phillips, M. Collins and L. Dougherty OBE), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444393231.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Vein Train Ltd, London, UK

  2. 2

    Imperial College, Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK

  3. 3

    The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Author Information

  1. The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 15 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405148603

Online ISBN: 9781444393231



  • patient's perspective;
  • influence of a bad experience - for a patient and any practitioner, performing venepuncture or cannulation;
  • blood and injection phobia - special form of fear, disproportionate to situation;
  • in which it occurs;
  • phobia manifestations;
  • factors, influencing pain and anxiety - age, playing a role in amount of pain and distress associated with needles;
  • techniques to reduce anxiety and pain;
  • needle size and type - Lücker & Stahlheber (2003), comparing types of cannulae to check if this cause pain;
  • non-pharmacological methods of reducing pain - successfully used with children;
  • pharmacological methods of reducing pain - and use of local anaesthetics (LA);
  • iontophoresis, technique providing analgesia - handheld device with two electrodes, mild electric current for delivering charged ions


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Learning Outcomes

  • Introduction

  • Blood and Injection Phobia

  • Factors that can Influence Pain and Anxiety

  • Techniques to Reduce Anxiety and Pain

  • Non-Pharmacological Methods of Reducing Pain

  • Pharmacological Methods of Reducing Pain

  • Conclusion

  • References