3. Anatomy and Physiology

  1. Sarah Phillips1,
  2. Mary Collins2 and
  3. Lisa Dougherty OBE3
  1. Mary Collins

Published Online: 23 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444393231.ch3

Venepuncture and Cannulation

Venepuncture and Cannulation

How to Cite

Collins, M. (2011) Anatomy and Physiology, in Venepuncture and Cannulation (eds S. Phillips, M. Collins and L. Dougherty OBE), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444393231.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Vein Train Ltd, London, UK

  2. 2

    Imperial College, Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK

  3. 3

    The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Author Information

  1. Imperial College, Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 15 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405148603

Online ISBN: 9781444393231



  • anatomy and physiology - circulatory system, network of blood vessels transporting blood, and its components around the body;
  • circulatory system - consisting of pulmonary and systemic systems;
  • capillaries, composed of endothelium - only one cell layer in diameter;
  • venous system, acting as a collecting system - bringing blood from capillaries back to the heart;
  • nervous system, controlling body's response to environmental changes - using electrical impulses, as means of communication;
  • reduced sympathetic stimulation - causing smooth muscle fibres to relax, and vessel lumen to increase, or vasodilation;
  • location of veins - venepuncture and peripheral cannulation, performed in veins that lie superficially to epidermis;
  • systemic blood flow - in a closed system, influenced by complex interactions;
  • sympathetic nerves - innervating smooth muscles of arteries and veins;
  • integumentary system - blood vessels protected by integumentary system;
  • or skin


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Learning Outcomes

  • Introduction

  • Overview of the Circulatory System

  • Arteries, Veins and Capillaries

  • Structure of Blood Vessels

  • The Nervous System

  • Location of Veins

  • Systemic Blood Flow

  • Integumentary System

  • Conclusion

  • References