8. Complications

  1. Sarah Phillips2,
  2. Mary Collins3 and
  3. Lisa Dougherty OBE4
  1. Wendy Morris

Published Online: 23 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444393231.ch8

Venepuncture and Cannulation

Venepuncture and Cannulation

How to Cite

Morris, W. (2011) Complications, in Venepuncture and Cannulation (eds S. Phillips, M. Collins and L. Dougherty OBE), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444393231.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Vein Train Ltd, London, UK

  2. 3

    Imperial College, Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK

  3. 4

    The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Author Information

  1. Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 15 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405148603

Online ISBN: 9781444393231



  • complications;
  • venepuncture and cannulation - commonly performed procedures within healthcare practice;
  • potential for development of complications - at stages, influenced by contributory factors;
  • ecchymosis/haematoma - ecchymosis, term to describe infiltration of blood into tissue;
  • specific predisposing factors - for haematoma formation;
  • prevention of haematoma;
  • management of haematoma;
  • specific predisposing factors for missing a vein;
  • vasovagal/syncope reaction - individuals undergoing intravenous therapy, with fear of pain, needles, and confinement generating anxiety;
  • mechanical phlebitis, associated with injury to tunica intima - from a cannula rubbing against the inside of the vein wall


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Learning Outcomes

  • Introduction

  • Ecchymosis/Haematoma

  • Missed Vein

  • Nerve Injury

  • Arterial Puncture

  • Phlebitis

  • Infiltration and Extravasation

  • Infection

  • Conclusion

  • References