John Steinbeck (1902–1968)

  1. Christopher MacGowan

Published Online: 24 FEB 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444393675.ch20

The Twentieth-Century American Fiction Handbook

The Twentieth-Century American Fiction Handbook

How to Cite

MacGowan, C. (2011) John Steinbeck (1902–1968), in The Twentieth-Century American Fiction Handbook, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444393675.ch20

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 24 FEB 2012
  2. Published Print: 21 JAN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405160230

Online ISBN: 9781444393675



  • John Steinbeck (1902–1968), and the Nobel Prize for Literature - late in his career, six years before his death;
  • Steinbeck, writing what would be his first published novel - Cup of Gold (1929);
  • Steinbeck's next novel, The Pastures of Heaven, in October 1932;
  • Steinbeck's success, placing his short stories - stories, appearing in The Red Pony (1937) and The Long Valley (1938);
  • Steinbeck's first books, out of business - in December 1934, associated with Pascal Covici;
  • stories of ethnically mixed shantytown dwellers - living just outside Monterey, loosely associated with stories of King Arthur;
  • Steinbeck, publishing the first of his labor novels - in Dubious Battle, in 1936;
  • Of Mice and Men, followed in 1937 - more successful, commercially;
  • Steinbeck, visiting California migrant labor camps - assisted by Tom Collins;
  • Sweet Thursday (1954), The Short Reign of Pippin IV: A Fabrication (1957), and The Winter of Our Discontent (1961) - Steinbeck's final three novels


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Bibliography