The American Short Story

  1. Christopher MacGowan

Published Online: 24 FEB 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444393675.ch69

The Twentieth-Century American Fiction Handbook

The Twentieth-Century American Fiction Handbook

How to Cite

MacGowan, C. (2011) The American Short Story, in The Twentieth-Century American Fiction Handbook, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444393675.ch69

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 24 FEB 2012
  2. Published Print: 21 JAN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405160230

Online ISBN: 9781444393675



  • The American Short Story - short story, into the early 1950s and advent of television viewing;
  • Thomas Wolfe and F. Scott Fitzgerald - examples of writers, whose stories provided a crucial source of income;
  • short stories, a source of income - readership of mass-circulation and literary magazines as McClure's Magazine, The Atlantic Monthly, The Smart Set, The Saturday Evening Post, and The New Yorker;
  • Henry James's best-known short stories - as The Aspern Papers (1888);
  • like The Aspern Papers, many of James's later stories - concerning the nature of art itself;
  • Hemingway's early themes, owing something to Anderson's - his Nick Adams, bearing relationship to Winesburg's George Willard;
  • Hemingway, crafted stories deceptively straightforward - in their detail and narratives;
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald, claiming - he wrote his short stories for money, removing sentences, that seemed more worthy of a future novel;
  • Thomas Wolfe, in 1930s, as short stories - extracts from the piles of manuscript, later being incorporated;
  • O'Connor, publishing her first short story in 1946 - her first novel in 1952, and her first collection of stories, A Good Man Is Hard to Find