3. Non-Royal Cemeteries of Dynasty 4

  1. Steven Snape

Published Online: 21 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444393743.ch3

Ancient Egyptian Tombs: The Culture of Life and Death

Ancient Egyptian Tombs: The Culture of Life and Death

How to Cite

Snape, S. (2011) Non-Royal Cemeteries of Dynasty 4, in Ancient Egyptian Tombs: The Culture of Life and Death, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444393743.ch3

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 28 JAN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405120890

Online ISBN: 9781444393743



  • non-royal cemeteries of Dynasty;
  • Dynasty 4, Mastabas at Giza - royal tombs of Dynasty 4, enigmatic aspect to their specific purpose, non-royal tombs being more informative;
  • Mastaba design, and burial chamber - with a solid rectangular block as superstructure;
  • tombs and houses in Old Kingdom Egypt - tomb as the ‘House of the Ka’;
  • Egyptians, natural equation about Ka - as the Living, existed within specific physical limitations, so did the ka;
  • private cemeteries, like villages of houses - and similar bustle of activity;
  • underground rooms of - elite Mastabas of Dynasties 2 and 3;
  • Old Kingdom private housing, surviving - any significantly reconstructable degree, in the town attached to the tomb of Queen Khentkawes I at Giza;
  • The (unfinished) False Door of the Lady Wadjkawes - from her tomb in the Unas Causeway cemetery at Saqqara;
  • Ka-Priests and funerary estates, ‘Reversion of Offerings’ system - serving needs of temple gods and royal mortuary cults


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Dynasty 4 Mastabas at Giza

  • Tombs and Houses in Old Kingdom Egypt

  • False Doors and Real Offerings

  • Priests, Temples and Cults

  • Ka-Priests and Funerary Estates

  • Alternatives to the Ideal

  • Acquiring a Tomb

  • Being Imakhu