10. Organizational Psychology

  1. Paul R. Martin2,
  2. Fanny M. Cheung BA PhD3,
  3. Michael C. Knowles MCom (Qld), PhD (Edin)4,
  4. Michael Kyrios5,
  5. J. Bruce Overmier6 and
  6. José M. Prieto7
  1. Robert E. Wood,
  2. Victoria Roberts PhD and
  3. Jennifer Whelan PhD

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395150.ch10

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

How to Cite

Wood, R. E., Roberts, V. and Whelan, J. (2011) Organizational Psychology, in IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology (eds P. R. Martin, F. M. Cheung, M. C. Knowles, M. Kyrios, J. B. Overmier and J. M. Prieto), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395150.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Griffith University, Queensland, Australia

  2. 3

    Chinese University of Hong Kong

  3. 4

    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

  4. 5

    Swinburne University of Technology, Australia

  5. 6

    University of Minnesota, USA

  6. 7

    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

Author Information

  1. Melbourne Business School, University of Melbourne, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 1 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193313

Online ISBN: 9781444395150



  • organizational psychology;
  • psychological approach, to study of organizational phenomena - description, prediction and explanation of behavior of individuals and teams in organizational settings, to manage people, processes and outcomes in organizations;
  • origins of modern organizational psychology (OP) - linked with the Hawthorne studies, conducted during 1930s, and writings of Elton Mayo (1933);
  • domain of organizational psychology - distinctiveness of OP, from organizational qualifier;
  • organizational context, creating “situational opportunities and constraints that affect occurrence and meaning of organizational behavior, and functional relationships between variables”;
  • leadership research, large body of OP knowledge - prescriptions for practice of leadership in organizations;
  • positive discretionary behavior - organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), discretionary prosocial behavior, positive effect on psychological, social and organizational context of work;
  • organizational culture - a complex and multi-level concept;
  • challenges, opportunities, and future directions - for organizational psychology;
  • GLOBE studies, illustrating - mutual benefits, emerging from collaborations around projects


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Purpose and Beginnings of Organizational Psychology

  • The Domain of Organizational Psychology

  • A Selective Review of Organizational Psychology Research

  • Professional Activities of Organizational Psychologists

  • Challenges, Opportunities, and Future Directions for Organizational Psychology

  • Conclusion

  • References