13. Human Factors and Ergonomics

  1. Paul R. Martin3,
  2. Fanny M. Cheung BA PhD4,
  3. Michael C. Knowles MCom (Qld), PhD (Edin)5,
  4. Michael Kyrios6,
  5. J. Bruce Overmier7 and
  6. José M. Prieto8
  1. José J. Cañas BA, PhD1,
  2. Boris B. Velichkovsky PhD2 and
  3. Boris M. Velichkovsky2

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395150.ch13

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

How to Cite

Cañas, J. J., Velichkovsky, B. B. and Velichkovsky, B. M. (2011) Human Factors and Ergonomics, in IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology (eds P. R. Martin, F. M. Cheung, M. C. Knowles, M. Kyrios, J. B. Overmier and J. M. Prieto), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395150.ch13

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Griffith University, Queensland, Australia

  2. 4

    Chinese University of Hong Kong

  3. 5

    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

  4. 6

    Swinburne University of Technology, Australia

  5. 7

    University of Minnesota, USA

  6. 8

    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Granada, USA

  2. 2

    Moscow State University, Russia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 1 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193313

Online ISBN: 9781444395150



  • human factors and ergonomics;
  • word “ergonomics” coming from the Greek “ergon” meaning work and “nomos,” meaning law;
  • “Human Factor Society,” founded in Tulsa (Oklahoma) in 1957 - the “Human Factor and Ergonomics Society” (HFES);
  • ergonomic issues, and applied psychology - complex behaviors, mental activities, resources of human information processing, putting cognitive ergonomics in focus;
  • control processes, area known as “process control” - long tradition of research and practice in ergonomics;
  • cognitive ergonomics - sometimes called “cognitive engineering”;
  • meaning of cognition in cognitive ergonomics - traditional understanding, “cognition” being acquisition, maintenance, and use of knowledge in human information processing;
  • designing teaching aids - another major issue of learning;
  • methods used in ergonomics - aiming to explain and predict consequences of taking certain decisions during design of a sociotechnical system;
  • ergonomics, established discipline - professionals with interdisciplinary backgrounds, working together, designing sociotechnical systems


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Definition

  • Areas of Application

  • Theories and Models

  • Conclusion and Future Issues

  • Methodologies

  • Acknowledgment

  • References