14. Technical Advances and Guidelines for Improving Testing Practices

  1. Paul R. Martin4,
  2. Fanny M. Cheung BA PhD5,
  3. Michael C. Knowles MCom (Qld), PhD (Edin)6,
  4. Michael Kyrios7,
  5. J. Bruce Overmier8 and
  6. José M. Prieto9
  1. Ronald K. Hambleton BA, MA, PhD1,
  2. David Bartram BA, DPhil, CPsychol, CSc, FBPsS2 and
  3. Thomas Oakland PhD, ABPP, ABPN3

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395150.ch14

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

How to Cite

Hambleton, R. K., Bartram, D. and Oakland, T. (2011) Technical Advances and Guidelines for Improving Testing Practices, in IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology (eds P. R. Martin, F. M. Cheung, M. C. Knowles, M. Kyrios, J. B. Overmier and J. M. Prieto), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395150.ch14

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Griffith University, Queensland, Australia

  2. 5

    Chinese University of Hong Kong

  3. 6

    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

  4. 7

    Swinburne University of Technology, Australia

  5. 8

    University of Minnesota, USA

  6. 9

    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA

  2. 2

    University of Hull, UK

  3. 3

    University of Florida, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 1 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193313

Online ISBN: 9781444395150



  • technical advances and guidelines for improving;
  • Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies (TIMSS) - assessments of 9 and 13 year olds;
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD's) Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), assessments of 15 year olds in mathematics, science and reading;
  • IRT, international consequences - all major international comparative studies of achievement, using IRT in test development, equating and scoring;
  • test development and test use - contributions from behavioral sciences, most important technical contribution from discipline of psychology;
  • technical advances in testing;
  • computer-based testing - administering tests at a computer or over the internet, popular in education and psychology;
  • detecting potentially biased test items - detecting items in a test, being unfair to subgroups of candidates, as females, members of ethnic groups (Blacks, Hispanics and Asians);
  • aggregation of norm groups - across and within countries, cultures and languages;
  • International Guidelines for Testing and The International Test Commission (ITC) - association of national psychological associations, test commissions, publishers and testing organizations and individuals


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Brief History of Test Use

  • Technical Advances in Testing

  • Aggregation of Norm Groups Across and Within Countries, Cultures and Languages

  • International Guidelines for Testing

  • Conclusions

  • References