18. Environmental Psychology

  1. Paul R. Martin4,
  2. Fanny M. Cheung BA PhD5,
  3. Michael C. Knowles MCom (Qld), PhD (Edin)6,
  4. Michael Kyrios7,
  5. J. Bruce Overmier8 and
  6. José M. Prieto9
  1. Robert Gifford1,
  2. Linda Steg2 and
  3. Joseph P. Reser3

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395150.ch18

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

How to Cite

Gifford, R., Steg, L. and Reser, J. P. (2011) Environmental Psychology, in IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology (eds P. R. Martin, F. M. Cheung, M. C. Knowles, M. Kyrios, J. B. Overmier and J. M. Prieto), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395150.ch18

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Griffith University, Queensland, Australia

  2. 5

    Chinese University of Hong Kong

  3. 6

    Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

  4. 7

    Swinburne University of Technology, Australia

  5. 8

    University of Minnesota, USA

  6. 9

    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Victoria, Canada

  2. 2

    University of Groningen, Netherlands

  3. 3

    University of Durham, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 1 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193313

Online ISBN: 9781444395150



  • environmental psychology;
  • environmental psychology - study of transactions between individuals and their physical settings;
  • environmental psychologists, working at three levels of analysis - fundamental psychological processes, like perception of environment, spatial cognition and personality;
  • distinctiveness of environmental psychology - what sets environmental psychology apart, its commitment to research and practice;
  • environmental psychology's scope;
  • environmental perception and spatial cognition - environmental psychologists, emphasizing and understanding how individuals respond to complex everyday scenes;
  • proenvironmental behavior - environmental problems rooted in human behavior, managed by promoting proenvironmental behavior;
  • psychology of resource management - energy conservation, recycling, fresh water and pollution, instances of everyday commons dilemmas;
  • environmental psychology of neighborhoods and cities - vast global movement in city, underway;
  • environmental psychology and architectural design - social design, creating buildings that fit occupants, and users involving them in planning process


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Distinctiveness of Environmental Psychology

  • Theoretical Bases

  • Environmental Perception and Spatial Cognition

  • Managing Social Space

  • Encouraging Proenvironmental Behavior

  • The Psychology of Resource Management

  • Residential Environmental Psychology

  • The Environmental Psychology of Neighborhoods and Cities

  • Educational Environmental Psychology

  • Workplace Environmental Psychology

  • Natural Environmental Psychology

  • The Social Construction of Nature, the Environment, and Environmental Problems

  • Environmental Psychology and Architectural Design

  • Information and Communication Technologies and Environments

  • Conclusion - Changing Contexts, Horizons, and Challenges

  • References