4. Production–Distribution

  1. Drew Casper

Published Online: 3 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395242.ch4

Hollywood Film 1963-1976: Years of Revolution and Reaction

Hollywood Film 1963-1976: Years of Revolution and Reaction

How to Cite

Casper, D. (2011) Production–Distribution, in Hollywood Film 1963-1976: Years of Revolution and Reaction, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395242.ch4

Author Information

  1. University of Southern California, School of the Cinematic Arts, Los Angeles, CA 90089-2211, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 SEP 2012
  2. Published Print: 11 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188272

Online ISBN: 9781444395242



  • business practices - production–distribution;
  • showmen, caretakers, and conglomerates;
  • conglomerates, knowing that film stocks were being undervalued;
  • conglomerates, and studios' distribution circuits - continuing to go unchallenged;
  • conglomerate-takeovers and eventual Wall Street-guided Columbia and Fox - given their large stakes in other entertainment media;
  • cusp of Hollywood corporatization - fewer movies rolling at disintegrating/conglomeratized/Wall Street-bolstered studios than ever before;
  • independent production, US/UK/Foreign - into an overdrive and in-house productions, becoming a rarity;
  • further gambits, mainstreaming exploitation - “The Big Kill,” “The Youth Movie,” and “A Film By”;
  • diversification, another postwar practice - intensifying into the TV;
  • Walt Disney productions, and its Buena Vista distribution wing - and AIP with a North American distribution arm, keeping the majors tuned in


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Showmen, Caretakers, and Conglomerates

  • The Practices of the Seven Major Studios

  • Competition: Minor and New Studios

  • The Financial Bloodbath

  • Additional Practices: Downsizing, Negative Pickup, Co-Production/Distribution, Tax Breaks/Shelters

  • Still Other Gambits: The Nostalgic Wave and The “Special Event” Movie

  • Distribution

  • Black Groundswell

  • Academy Awards