2. The Road not Taken

  1. Jane L. Chapman and
  2. Nick Nuttall

Published Online: 15 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395372.ch2

Journalism Today: A Themed History

Journalism Today: A Themed History

How to Cite

Chapman, J. L. and Nuttall, N. (2011) The Road not Taken, in Journalism Today: A Themed History, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395372.ch2

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 5 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405179539

Online ISBN: 9781444395372



  • The Road Not Taken - Walter Lippmann, and development of American press as having three phases;
  • Lippmann's first to second phase - defining meaning of “freedom of the press”;
  • “paradigm shift” represented by Zenger's acquittal - problems inherent in paradigm shift analysis;
  • Lippmann's second phase, lasting a hundred years in the US - a lot longer in Europe;
  • Britain, and career of John Wilkes - freeing the press, from shackles of government;
  • journalism and independence - Zenger's and Wilkes's careers, encapsulating changes between governors and the governed;
  • interests of the government - directly at variance with those of the press;
  • nineteenth century seeing rise of a radical press - instrumental in abolition of government controls;
  • the editor, the internet and public sphere - editor–proprietor relationship, less an issue in the American press;
  • present electronic age information - freely available, the First Amendment being an anachronism


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Résumé: Tom Paine

  • FactFile: Anthony Haswell and Freedom of the Press

  • Résumé: Edward Smith Hall – An Australian Pioneer

  • FactFile: Habermas and the Changing Public Sphere

  • FactFile: The Lincoln–Douglas Debates