10. Paul and Scripture

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. J. Ross Wagner

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch10

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Wagner, J. R. (2011) Paul and Scripture, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch10

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. Princeton Theological Seminary, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • Paul and Scripture - Paul's writings resonating with scriptural overtones - the apostle to the Gentiles, citing Israel's Scriptures;
  • writing to defend himself to a church - questioning his integrity, his credentials as an apostle;
  • citations of Scripture in Paul's undisputed letters;
  • interweaving Israel's sacred texts into his letters - Paul deliberately locating himself and the communities, for which he writes;
  • context of cosmopolitan Roman Corinth - Paul's failure to cite Greek authorities, being notable;
  • earliest Christians - all standing within this wider Jewish frame of reference;
  • Divine speech and the rhetoric of Paul's citations - second noteworthy feature of Paul's appeal to Scripture in 2 Corinthians 6:2, rhetorical effect this citation produces;
  • Scripture and the mission of Paul - Paul's appropriation of this ancient prophecy as a divine word spoken into his own setting reflecting an “apostolic hermeneutic”;
  • Scripture and the church - fourth dimension of Paul's reading of Scripture, through the prophetic Scriptures;
  • interpreting Israel's Scriptures - through the lens of Christ's self-giving death and victorious resurrection


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • “Now is the Day of Salvation”: Paul's Apostolic Hermeneutic

  • Foundational Issues, Debated Questions

  • References