11. Paul's Christology

  1. Stephen Westerholm
  1. Simon J. Gathercole

Published Online: 20 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch11

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

The Blackwell Companion to Paul

How to Cite

Gathercole, S. J. (2011) Paul's Christology, in The Blackwell Companion to Paul (ed S. Westerholm), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444395778.ch11

Editor Information

  1. McMaster University, Canada

Author Information

  1. Fitzwilliam College, University of Cambridge, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405188449

Online ISBN: 9781444395778



  • Paul's Christology - highest Christology of the New Testament, being also its earliest;
  • discussions of Pauline Christology, revolving around questions of how “high” or “low” - the portrait of Jesus is;
  • Christological titles, having the same denotation or referent (Jesus) - not all of them, having the same connotation;
  • title being also often connected with Jesus's future coming - First Thessalonians, in particular;
  • word “Christ” (christos, a translation of the Hebrew meshiach, or “Messiah”) - over five hundred times in the New Testament;
  • principal implications, being that Jesus fulfills Jewish expectations - of a coming one from the line of David;
  • Paul, regarding Jesus - as fully participating in humanity;
  • Paul's interpretation of the Shema in 1 Corinthians 8:6 - identifying Christ as co-creator with God, talking of “one Lord, Jesus Christ”;
  • reaction against approaches to Christology - and that to caricature, doctrinal values of the titles and the attributes, the sum total;
  • Christ the “mercy-seat” - moreover finding in the New Testament, that authors do not restrict themselves to giving Christ, one role in the Old Testament sacrificial drama


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Titles

  • Characteristics and Attributes

  • A Narrative Jesus?

  • Salvation

  • Christology, Church, and Ethics

  • Conclusion

  • References